Bulletin of Mathematical Biology

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 27–47 | Cite as

Metrics for cortical map organization and lateralization

  • Sergio A. Alvarez
  • Svetlana Levitan
  • James A. Reggia
Article

Abstract

Cerebral lateralization refers to the poorly understood fact that some functions are better controlled by one side of the brain than the other (e.g. handedness, language). Of particular concern here are the asymmetries apparent in cortical topographic maps that can be demonstrated electrophysiologically in mirror-image locations of the cerebral cortex. In spite of great interest in issues surrounding cerebral lateralization, methods for measuring the degree of organization and asymmetry in cortical maps are currently quite limited. In this paper, several measures are developed and used to assess the degree of organization, lateralization, and mirror symmetry in topographic map formation. These measures correct for large constant displacements as well as curving of maps. The behavior of the measures is tested on several topographic maps obtained by self-organization of an initially random artificial neural network model of a bihemispheric brain, and the results are compared with subjective assessments made by humans.

Keywords

Cortical Region Lateralization Measure Subjective Estimate Sensory Surface Sensory Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Society for Mathematical Biology 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio A. Alvarez
    • 1
  • Svetlana Levitan
    • 2
  • James A. Reggia
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Nonlinear Analysis and Department of Mathematical SciencesCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, A. V. Williams BuildingUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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