Living Reference Work Entry

Mental Health and Illness of the Elderly

Part of the series Mental Health and Illness Worldwide pp 1-20

Date: Latest Version

(Neurobiology of) Dementia: Causes, Presentation and Management

  • David BensamounAffiliated withCentre Memoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CoBTek “Cognition Behaviour Technology” Research Team, Institut Claude Pompidou, Nice University Hospital Email author 
  • , Aurélie MoutonAffiliated withCentre Memoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CoBTek “Cognition Behaviour Technology” Research Team, Institut Claude Pompidou, Nice University Hospital
  • , Eric EttoreAffiliated withCentre Memoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CoBTek “Cognition Behaviour Technology” Research Team, Institut Claude Pompidou, Nice University Hospital
  • , Philippe RobertAffiliated withCentre Memoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CoBTek “Cognition Behaviour Technology” Research Team, Institut Claude Pompidou, Nice University Hospital
  • , Renaud DavidAffiliated withCentre Memoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CoBTek “Cognition Behaviour Technology” Research Team, Institut Claude Pompidou, Nice University Hospital

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease is the main type of dementia in aging populations and is characterized by a progressive impairment in cognitive abilities associated with behavioral and psychological changes and a progressive loss of autonomy. Other dementia syndromes in aging can, however, be observed but their frequency is lower. The present chapter will describe the clinical course and aetiologies of the main dementia syndromes in elderly populations as well as the main therapeutic options for the management of dementia.

Keywords

Dementia Alzheimer’s disease Vascular dementia