Critical Systems Thinking
- Werner UlrichAffiliated withUniversity of FribourgThe Open University Email author
Professional practice in all its stages and activities, from the formulation of problems to the implementation of solutions and the evaluation of outcomes, involves choices that need to be made transparent and require systematic examination and validation.
Systems thinking, although it does not protect against the need for such choices, at least offers a methodological basis for examining them systematically.
Consequently, applied systems thinking should make it standard practice to employ not only a hard (quantitative, scientific) and/or a soft (qualitative, interpretive) but always also a systematically critical (reflective, questioning) perspective and mo ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
- Critical Systems Thinking
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science
- pp 314-326
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland
- 2. Robert H. Smith School of Business and Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland
- Werner Ulrich (343) (344)
- Author Affiliations
- 343. University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
- 344. The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.