Apricot: Origins and Development
Basic Species Information
Apricot, sometimes known as Armenian plum (derived from a mistaken belief of an Armenian origin), is the common name of Prunus armeniaca L./Armeniaca vulgaris L. The name apricot derives from the Arabic al-birquq through Byzantine Greek berikokkia from Latin malum praecoquum – early ripening fruit. The Latin Prunus armeniacum is a reference to an early believed origin in Armenia, which is one of the places where these trees are wild.
Apricot is a deciduous tree up to 10 m with broad ovate leaves, self-fertile white – rarely pink – flowers produced singly or in pairs before the leaves in spring. Some cultivars are self-compatible while are others are self-incompatible. Wild forms are fully interfertile with cultivated populations. Apricots are grown for their large fleshy fruit, a drupe with glabrous or pubescent yellow to orange exocarp and a soft mesocarp. The endocarp is lignified and slightly grainy on the outer surface. There is a pr ...
- Arakelyan, B. 1968. Excavations at Garni, 1949-50, in H. Field (ed.) Contributions to the archaeology of Armenia. Translated by A. Kromgold. Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum.
- Gabrielian, E. & D. Zohary. 2004. Wild relatives of food crops native to Armenia and Nakhichevan. Flora Mediterranea 14:5-77
- Hosoya, L. A., M. Wollstonecroft, D. Fuller & L. Qin. 2010. Experimental pilot study of peach/ apricot kernel detoxification: for reconstruction of Chinese early rice farmers broad spectrum subsistence strategy, in K. Makibayayashi & M. Uchikado (ed.) Studies of landscape history of East Asian inland seas: 457-64. Kyoto: Neomap Project, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RHIN).
- Knorzer, K. H. 2000. 3000 years of agriculture in a valley of the High Himalayas. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 9: 219-22.
- Jiang, H.-E., Y.-B. Zhang, X. Li, Y.-F. Yao, D.K. Ferguson, E.-G. Lu & C.-S Li. 2009. Evidence for early viticulture in China; proof of a grapevine (Vitis vinifera L., Vitaceae) in the Yanghai Tombs, Xinjiang. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(7): 1458–65.
- Lone, F.A., M. Khan & G.M. Buth. 1993. Palaeoethnobotany: plants and ancient man in Kashmir. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
- Lu, L. T. & B. Bartholomew. 2003. Armeniaca Scopoli. Meth. Pl. 15. 1754, in Flora of China 9: 396-401. St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
- Maghuly, F., E. Borroto Fernandez, S. Ruthner, A. Pedryc & M. Laimer. 2005. Microsatellite variability in apricots (Prunus Armeniaca L.) reflects their geographic origin and breeding history. Tree Genetics and Genomes 1: 151-65.
- Monah, F. 2007. The spread of cultivated plants in the region between the Carpathians and Dniester, 6th-4th millennia cal BC, in S. Colledge & J. Connolly (ed.) The origins and spread of domestic plants in southwest Asia and Europe: 111-24. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
- Simoons, F. J. 1991. Food in China: a cultural and historical inquiry. Ann Arbor: Boca Raton; Boston: CRC Press.
- van Wyk, B.E. 2005. Food plants of the world: an illustrated guide. Portland (OR): Timberland Press Inc.
- Yilmaz, K.U. & K. Gurcan. 1977. Genetic diversity in apricot, in A.R. Muhammed & R.C. von Borstel (ed.) Genetic diversity in plants: 270-49. CAB direct.
- Zohary, D., M. Hopf & E. Weiss. 2012. Domestication of plants in the Old World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Online Etymology Dictionary. n.d. Available at: http://www.etymonline.com.
- Apricot: Origins and Development
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology
- pp 294-296
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.