Bartholomaeus Arnoldi de Usingen

Abstract

Bartholomaeus Arnoldi (b. c. 1465, d. September 9, 1532) (also called Usingen after his birthplace), began as a philosopher in the via moderna school and later became a member and a theologian of the Order of Augustinian Hermits. Together with Jodocus Trutfetter he was the most prominent philosopher in Erfurt in the early sixteenth century. Usingen’s main authorities were Buridan, Ockham, Gregory of Rimini, Peter of Ailly and Gabriel Biel. The focus of his teaching was on a “common view of the via moderna,” which was strongly involved in semantic–metaphysical questions. Usingen stressed the importance of logic as a necessary tool for gaining scientific knowledge, but his works on natural philosophy in particular were respected by his contemporaries. In natural philosophy, he generally followed the Buridanian tradition. His discussion on the theory of supposition follows Ockham. On the relationship between theology and philosophy, he strongly posited the unity of truth by allowing certain theological truths a sufficient degree of plausibility as truths in natural philosophy. This view was partly based on Lawrence of Lindores.