The Genus Klebsiella
Taxonomic History and Structure
The genus Klebsiella, in the family Enterobacteriaceae, was named by Trevisan (1885) to honor the German microbiologist Edwin Klebs (1834–1913). The type species is Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter, 1886; Trevisan, 1887). The first Klebsiella species ever described was a capsulated bacillus from patients with rhinoscleroma (Von Frisch, 1882). The organism was named “Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis” by Trevisan (1887).
Abel (1893) observed a capsulated bacillus, “Bacillus mucosus ozaenae” from the nasal secretion of patients with ozaena. The bacterium was later transferred to the genus Klebsiella as K. ozaenae (Bergey et al., 1925).
Friedländer (1982) described a bacterium from the lungs of a patient who had died of pneumonia. The organism was named “Hyalococcus pneumoniae “ (Schroeter, 1889) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (Trevisan, 1887). Considerable confusion occurred for many years since the organism could not be objectively separated from ...
- The Genus Klebsiella
- Reference Work Title
- The Prokaryotes
- Reference Work Subtitle
- Volume 6: Proteobacteria: Gamma Subclass
- Reference Work Part
- PART 3
- pp 159-196
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- Springer New York
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota
- 2. Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University Medical School
- 3. Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University
- 4. Department of Microbiology, Technical University Munich
- 5. DSMZ- German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH
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