Crystal – A solid material whose constituent atoms, molecules, or ions are arranged in an orderly repeating pattern such that regularly spaced atomic planes are found in three dimensions.
Firn – Compacted snow that has survived at least one melt season in a temperate glacier, or, in a Polar Region, compacted snow that underlies fresh snow, if any, and has undergone some metamorphism.
Firn-ice transition – The change from a packed granular material containing interconnected pores to a polycrystalline solid containing individual bubbles.
Grain – A small single piece of a substance. In firn, the term is used to refer to a single connected piece of ice, regardless of its atomic arrangement; hence, it could include one or more actual crystals. In polycrystalline ice, the terms crystal and grain are used interchangeably (Snow Grains).
Pore close-off depth – The depth at which only individual bubbles are found, rather than interconnected pores.
Snowpack – An area of naturally a ...
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers
- pp 290-293
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
- Series ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Texas A&M University
- 3. University of Dayton
- Author Affiliations
- 64. Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA
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