Climate Variability and High Altitude Temperature and Precipitation
- Mathias VuilleAffiliated withDepartment of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York Email author
High altitude temperature and precipitation variability: It is the inherent characteristic of precipitation and temperature to change over time. Variability is measured as the temperature or precipitation deviations (anomalies) over a given period of time from a climate statistic (long-term mean) averaged over a reference period.
Mountains give rise to very distinct climates at their highest peaks where glaciers exist, and this mountain climate varies in ways that is quite different from nearby low elevations. Mountain-induced dynamic and thermodynamic processes modify synoptic weather systems and create regional-scale atmospheric circulation regimes that generate distinct wind systems, cloudiness, Precipitation patterns, etc., and lead to a very unique mountain climate (e.g., Barry, 2008). However, climate variability at high altitude (including temperature and precipitation variability) is not nearly as well understood as similar variations ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
- Climate Variability and High Altitude Temperature and Precipitation
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers
- pp 153-156
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
- Series ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
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- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Texas A&M University
- 3. University of Dayton
- Mathias Vuille (319)
- Author Affiliations
- 319. Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY, 12222, USA
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