Brachytherapy, derived from the Greek term for “close” therapy, refers to placing a radiation source in or close to the tumor region. Intracavitary means the placement of the brachytherapy delivery device in a body cavity, such as in the vagina for endometrial cancer, as opposed to directly into tissue. With endometrial cancer, brachytherapy is often used to treat the vaginal cuff in postoperative patients to allow a higher dose to this region with limited side effects.
Brachytherapy sources are contained by dedicated applicators designed for cervical, endometrial, and vaginal as well as nasopharyngeal cancers. Nowadays they are made of carbon, plastic (MRI compatible), or metal (MRI compatible when made of Titanium): Standardized: Fletcher-type with intrauterine catheter and two vaginal catheters with ovoids, Stockholm type with intrauterine tube and endovaginal ring, or individualized Pierquin-Chassagne type individualized molds.
- Intracavitary Brachytherapy
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Radiation Oncology
- p 386
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Distinguished University Professor, Hylda Cohn/American Cancer Professor Of Clinical Oncology, Professor of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University College of Medicine
- 2. Department of Radiation Oncology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine
- Author Affiliations
- 04881. Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, 216 North Broad Street, 19102, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- 04882. Department of Radiation Oncology, Marshfield Clinic, 1000 North Oak Avenue, 54449, Marshfield, WI, USA
- 04883. Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, Leuven, 3000, Belgium
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.