Calcification, Intracranial, Neonatal
- Veronica Donoghue
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Pathological calcification of the newborn brain is detected on plain radiography or CT examination. The numerous causes include perinatal toxoplasmosis, others i.e. HIV, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes (TORCH) infections, metabolic abnormalities, vascular disease, brain infarction, tumours and neurophakomatoses.
The pathology in neonatal intracranial calcification varies with the underlying cause.
Each one is discussed in more detail elsewhere in this section.
Some infants with congenital infection, in particular cytomegalovirus present with a small head circumference and infants with toxoplasmosis may have hydrocephalus ( 1) All these infections are generalised infections and the infants may have skin rashes and haemorrhages, hepatosplenomegaly, chorioretinitis and pneumonitis.
The diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis depends on detecting the characte ...
- Barkovich JA (ed) (2005) Pediatric Neuroimaging. 4th edn.Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
- El Ayoubi M, de Bethmann O, Monset‐Couchard M (2003) Lenticulostriate echogenic vessels: clinical and sonographic study of 70 neonatal cases. Pediatr Radiol 33:697–703 CrossRef
- Reardon W, Hockey A, Silberstein P et al (1994) Autosomal recessive congenital intrauterine infection‐like syndrome of microcephaly, intracranial calcification and CNS disease. Am J Med Genet 52:58–65 CrossRef
- Calcification, Intracranial, Neonatal
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging
- pp 213-215
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- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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- Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York
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