Materials Science and Engineering


The chapter is structured into the following main parts. After a short introduction which addresses the term materials as it is used in mechanical engineering and sorts out other matters for the sake of space, the first main section, Sect. 3.1, describes the fundamentals of atomic structure and microstructure of materials (as defined in the introduction). The following Sects. 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 deal with the most important properties and testing methods of materials from the viewpoint of mechanical engineers. The last and largest Sect. 3.7 is devoted to the most commonly used materials in mechanical engineering.