Alcohol and Illicit Drug Abuse Associated with Epileptic Seizures
- Elijah ChailaAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Neurophysiology and Epilepsies, St. Thomas' HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Epilepsy Programme
- , Norman DelantyAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Neurophysiology and Epilepsies, St. Thomas' HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Epilepsy Programme
Patients sometimes present to the emergency department with seizures related to excessive alcohol use or illicit drug use. These seizures are usually acute symptomatic seizures resulting from substance withdrawal, direct toxic effects of the abused substance on the brain, or from indirect mechanisms, such as head trauma resulting from alcohol or substance abuse. This chapter reviews the mechanisms, clinical manifestations, and principles of management of alcohol-related seizures (ARS) and seizures related to drug abuse.
Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) defines alcohol abuse as a maladaptive pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by one or more of the following, occurring within a 12-month period:
Recurrent alcohol use resulting in failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home.
Recurrent alcohol use in situations i ...
- Alcohol and Illicit Drug Abuse Associated with Epileptic Seizures
- Reference Work Title
- Atlas of Epilepsies
- pp 165-170
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer London
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag London Limited
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
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- C. P. Panayiotopoulos PhD, FRCP (1) (2)
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology and Epilepsies, St. Thomas' Hospital
- 2. Department of Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Epilepsy Programme, Dublin 9, Ireland
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