- Jaco Hamman
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Calvinism refers to a particular understanding of the Christian faith and an approach to the Christian life first articulated by the French Protestant theologian, John Calvin (1509–1564). Subsequently, it has been upheld in Protestant Christianity’s reformed tradition by persons such as John Knox (Scotland), John Bunyan (Britain), and Jonathan Edwards (America) (McGrath 2007).
Calvinism has five basic beliefs: (1) Humanity is totally deprived due to original sin, (2) God unconditionally elected those who will be saved to receive eternal life, (3) Jesus Christ has died for those who were elected by God, (4) the Holy Spirit pours irresistible grace over those saved, and (5) believers will persevere and are eternally saved in Jesus Christ. For Calvinists, the sovereignty of God reigns over all aspects of a person’s life: personal, spiritual, intellectual, political, and economical. Education informed by Calvinist dogma is important as is distinguishing the sacred from the secular (Spencer
- Browning, D. S., & Loder, J. E. (1987). Religious thought and the modern psychologies: A critical conversation in the theology of culture. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- McGrath, A. E. (2007). Christianity’s dangerous idea: The Protestant revolution – A history from the sixteenth century to the twenty-first (1st ed.). New York: Harper One.
- McMinn, M. R., & Campbell, C. D. (2007). Integrative psychotherapy: Toward a comprehensive Christian approach. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press.
- Spencer, D. E. (2002). TULIP: The five points of Calvinism in the light of scripture (2nd ed.). Grand Rapids: Baker Books.
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion
- pp 273-274
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- Springer US
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- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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