Community of Practice
- Peter Busch-Jensen
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The concept of “communities of practice” is of relatively recent date. The concept gained momentum with Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger’s book from 1991, Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Since then, the notion of “communities of practice” has been a focus of attention, not least in debates about learning, teaching, and education but also in debates about organizational theory, knowledge management, and work-life studies. The latter development accelerated with Wenger’s later book Communities of Practice (Wenger, 1998), but also picked up fuel from neighboring texts by – amongst others – Paul Duguid and John Seely Brown (1991) and Julian Orr (1996). The concept of communities of practice offers a dynamic and non-individualistic framing of learning as a social and situated activity oriented towards participation in social practice. From this also springs a number of interesting observations about human agency, cooperation, organization, and com ...
- Brown, J., & Duguid, P. (1991). Organizational learning and communities of practice: Towards a unified view of working, learning and innovation. Organization Science, 2(1), 40–58. doi:10.1287/orsc.2.1.40.
- Contu, A., & Willcott, H. (2003). Re-embedding situatedness: The importance of power relations in learning theory. I Organizational Science, 14(3), 283–296.
- Foucault, M. (1990). The history of sexuality. London: Penguin Books. vol. 1.
- Hughes, J., Jewson N., & Unwin, L. (2007). Communities of practice. New York, Routledge: Critical Perspectives.
- Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
- Lave, J. (2008). Situated learning and changing practice. In A. Amin & J. Roberts (Eds.), Community, economic creativity, and organization (pp. 283–296). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Orr, J. (1996). Talking about machines: An ethnography of a modern Job. New York: Cornell University Press.
- Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning and identity. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
- Selected internet resources on Communities of Practice. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from: http://www.ncddr.org/cop/copresources.html
- Community of Practice
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology
- pp 280-284
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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