Reference Work Entry

Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

pp 1247-1248


Kreutz, Heinrich Carl Friedrich

BornSiegen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany), 28 September 1854

DiedKiel, Germany, 13 July 1907

Heinrich Kreutz is chiefly remembered for his work on sun-grazing comets and his editorship of the Astronomische Nachrichten (1896–1907). He was the son of a superintendent of Siegen. After obtaining his secondary education in Siegen, Kreutz studied astronomy at the University of Bonn under the tutorship of Eduard Schönfeld and Carl Krüger. He was awarded his Ph.D. in 1880 for a study of the orbit of the great comet C/1861 J1. Afterward, Kreutz spent several months in Vienna with Edmund Weiss and Theodor von Oppolzer. For roughly a year, he served as a computer at the Recheninstitut in Berlin.

In 1883, Kreutz’s former professor, Krüger, was appointed director of the Kiel Observatory. Along with this responsibility, Krüger assumed the editorship of the Astronomische Nachrichten, then the world’s leading astronomical journal. Kreutz followed Krüger to Kiel, where he accepted a position as computer. ...

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