Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius
- Adriaan Blaauw
- … show all 1 hide
BornBarneveld, the Netherlands, 19 January 1851
DiedAmsterdam, the Netherlands, 18 June 1922
Dutch astronomer Jacobus Kapteyn made his most important contributions to the study of stellar statistics, i.e., the determination of the numbers and types of stars in different parts of space and their motions. His name is attached to the Kapteyn selected areas (particular directions in the sky that are informative for studying stellar statistics) and to the so-called Kapteyn universe (his reconstruction of the stellar distribution, which put the Sun very near the center of a rather small galaxy). The former are still used.
Kapteyn was the son of Gerrit J. and Elisabeth C. (née Koomans) Kapteyn, who conducted a school for boys. Jacobus married Catharina Elise Kalshoven. They had a son and two daughters, one of whom married Ejnar Hertzsprung. At the age of 16, Kapteyn passed the en ...
- Blaauw, Adriaan (1973). “Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 7, pp. 235–240. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
- Blaauw, Adriaan and T. Elvius (1965). “The Plan of Selected Areas.” In Galactic Structure, edited by Adriaan Blaauw and Maarten Schmidt, pp. 589–597. Vol. 5 of Stars and Stellar Systems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- De Sitter, W. (1932). “Life-work of J. C. Kapteyn.” In Kosmos. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 52–77 of Chap. 4.
- Eddington, A. S. (1922). “Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn.” Observatory 45: 261–265.
- Gill, David and J. C. Kapteyn (1896–1900). “The Cape Photographic Durchmusterung.” Annals of the Cape Observatory 3–5.
- Kapteyn, J. C. (1875). “Onderzoek der trillende platte vliezen” (Investigation of the vibration of a membrane). Ph.D. thesis, University of Utrecht.
- — (1914). “On the Individual Parallaxes of the Brighter Galactic Helium Stars in the Southern Hemisphere.” Astrophysical Journal 40: 43–126.
- — (1918). “On Parallaxes and Motion of the Brighter Galactic Helium Stars between Galactic Longitudes 150° and 216°.” Astrophysical Journal 47: 104–133, 146–178, 255–282.
- — (1922). “First Attempt at a Theory of the Arrangement and Motion of the Sidereal System.” Astrophysical Journal 55: 302–328.
- Kapteyn, J. C. and P. J. van Rhijn (1920). “On the Distribution of the Stars in Space Especially in the High Galactic Latitudes.” Astrophysical Journal 52: 23–38.
- Macpherson, Hector (1933). Makers of Astronomy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, Chap. 8.
- Pannekoek, A. (1922). Naturwissenschaften 10: 967–980. (An extensive obituary.)
- Paul, E. Robert. (1986). “J. C. Kapteyn and the Early Twentieth-Century Universe”. Journal for the History of Astronomy 17: 155–182.
- — (1993). The Life and Works of J. C. Kapteyn. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. (An annotated but not fully reliable translation of the biography written in Dutch by Kapteyn’s daughter Henrietta Hertzsprung-Kapteyn.)
- Pickering, Edward C., J. C. Kapteyn, and P. J. van Rhijn (1918–1924). “Durchmusterung of Selected Areas.” Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College 101–103.
- Seares, F. H., J. C. Kapteyn, and P. J. van Rhijn (1930). Mount Wilson Catalogue of Photographic Magnitudes in Selected Areas 1–139. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington.
- Van der Kruit, P. C. and K. van Berkel (eds.) (2000). The Legacy of J. C. Kapteyn: Studies on Kapteyn and the Development of Modern Astronomy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. (A symposium report that contains a wide range of articles on Kapteyn’s life and work.)
- Von der Pahlen, E. (1937). Lehrbuch der Stellarstatistik. Leipzig: J. A. Barth. (Chap. 8 contains an excellent account of the interrelation between the various projects carried out by Kapteyn.)
- Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- pp 1158-1161
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- Adriaan Blaauw (118)
- Author Affiliations
- 118. Groningen, The Netherlands
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