Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton
- Keith Snedegar
- … show all 1 hide
BornEdinburgh, Scotland, 10 November 1861
DiedSurbiton, Surrey, England, 13 March 1933
Scottish-Australian-South African observational astronomer Robert Innes discovered more than 1,600 double (binary) stars; compiled a definitive catalog of double stars discovered from the Southern Hemisphere; and discovered Proxima Centauri, the third, very faint component of the closest star system. He was the eldest of 12 children of John and Elizabeth (née Ayton) Innes, and showed early promise in mathematics, but left school at age 12 on account of practical concerns. Thereafter he was entirely self-taught. In 1884 Innes married Anne Elizabeth Fennell; they had three sons. The couple moved to Sydney, Australia, where Innes was to become a successful wine merchant. Under clear Australian skies his passion for astronomy blossomed. W. F. Gale lent him a Cooke refractor, and he began a search for southern double stars. Innes corresponded with astronomer David Gill, which eventually led Gill to offer hi ...
- Finsen, W. S. (1973). “Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Couliston Gillispie. Vol. 7, pp. 17–18. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
- Innes, Robert (1899). “Reference Catalogue of Southern Double Stars.” Annals of the Royal Observatory, Cape Town 2, no. 2.
- — (1914). “Discovery of Variable Stars, etc., with Pulfrich’s Blink-mikroskop, and Remarks upon Its Use in Astronomy.” Union Observatory Circular 20.
- — (1915). “A Faint Star of Large Proper Motion.” Union Observatory Circular 30.
- — (1925). “Transits of Mercury, 1677–1924.” Union Observatory Circular 65.
- — (1926). “Orbital Elements of Binary Stars.” Union Observatory Circular 68.
- Innes, Robert, B. H. Dawson, and W. H. van den Bos (1925). Southern Double Star Catalogue 19° to −90°. Johannesburg.
- Moore, P, Collins, P (1977) The Astronomy of Southern Africa. Howard Timmins, Cape Town
- Sitter, W. de (1934). “Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 94: 277–281.
- Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- pp 1090-1091
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- Keith Snedegar (931)
- Author Affiliations
- 931. Utah Valley State College, Orem, UT, USA
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