Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard
- Alv EgelandAffiliated withUniversity of California, Irvine School of Physical SciencesDepartment of Physics, Univercity of Oslo
BornChristiania (Oslo, Norway), 13 December 1867
DiedTokyo, Japan, 15 June 1917
Kristian Birkeland, perhaps Norway’s most famous scientist, produced the first artificial aurorae, organized polar expeditions to collect auroral data, and contributed to the theoretical understanding of these upper atmospheric phenomena.
Birkeland was the son of Reinart Birkeland and Ingeborg (née Ege). His one brother, Tonnes Gunnar, was a medical doctor, and one of his cousins, Richard Birkeland, became professor of mathematics at the University of Oslo. Kristian Birkeland received his early education in Norway, at the University of Oslo, was appointed to a position there in 1893, and became full professor at the age of 31. He was elected to the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and received an honorary doctorate from the Technical University of Dresden, Germany, in 1909.
Birkeland published his first three scientific papers (in mathematics) before he was 20. Among his early contributions to physics w ...
- Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- pp 226-228
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- Alv Egeland (285)
- Author Affiliations
- 285. Department of Physics, Univercity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
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