Benzenberg, Johann Friedrich
- Wolfgang Kokott
- … show all 1 hide
BornSchöller near Elberfeld, (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany), 5 May 1777
DiedBilk near Düsseldorf, (Germany), 7 June 1846
Johann Benzenberg, the codiscoverer of the upper-atmospheric (nontropospheric) location of meteors, later funded a private observatory at Bilk, which became an important center of minor-planet research. He was the son of Heinrich Benzenberg, a Protestant theologian (1744–1809), and Johanna Elisabeth (née Fues). In 1807, he married Charlotte Platzhoff (1789–1809) of Elberfeld. After studying theology (at Herborn and Marburg), Benzenberg went to Göttingen, where he developed a strong interest in science by attending the lectures of Georg Christoph Lichtenberg and Abraham Gotthelf Kästner. Following Lichtenberg’s death, Benzenberg received his Ph.D. from the University of Duisburg in 1800. In 1805, he became a professor of mathematics at the Lyzeum (women’s college) of Düsseldorf and the director of surveying for the Duchy of Berg. After immigrating to Switzerland during ...
- Benzenberg, J. (1802). “De determinatione longitudinis per stellas transvolantes” (On the determination of longitude by shooting stars). Ph.D. thesis, Hamburg.
- — (1804). Versuche über das Gesetz des Falls, über den Widerstand der Luft und über die Umdrehung der Erde. Dortmund. (The falling body experiments.)
- — (1839). Die Sternschnuppen. Hamburg. (His up-to-date monograph, largely chronological, of the first four decades of meteor research. It was evidently intended as an homage to his deceased associate of 1798, H. W. Brandes.)
- Benzenberg, J. and H. Brandes (1800). Versuche die Entfernung, die Geschwindigkeit und die Bahnen der Sternschnuppen zu bestimmen. Hamburg. (A tract documenting meteor observations at Göttingen.)
- Bruhns (1875). “Benzenberg: Johann Friedrich.” In Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Vol. 2, pp. 348–349. Leipzig: Dunker and Humblot.
- Poggendorff, J. C. (1863). “Benzenberg.” In Biographisch-literarisches Handwörtenbuch. Vol. 1, col. 145. Leipzig: J. A. Barth.
- Benzenberg, Johann Friedrich
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- p 199
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- Wolfgang Kokott (261)
- Author Affiliations
- 261. University of Munich, Munich, Germany
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.