Barnard, Edward Emerson
- William Sheehan
- … show all 1 hide
BornNashville, Tennessee, USA, 16 December 1857
DiedWilliams Bay, Wisconsin, USA, 7 February 1923
As both a visual and a photographic observer who made a multitude of discoveries, of which that of extended interstellar absorption regions, or dark nebulae, was perhaps the most important, Edward Barnard became one of the greatest astronomers of his time, but his beginnings were extremely humble. He was born into impoverished circumstances just before the American Civil War. After his father, Reuben Barnard, died 3 months before Edward was born, his mother, Elizabeth Jane (neé Haywood) Barnard, who was already 42, raised him and his elder brother Charles (who seems to have been feebleminded) by herself. Elizabeth’s broad literary interests are attested by the unusual middle name she chose for her second son, that of American writer and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. She taught Edward to read, mainly from the Bible; otherwise Barnard had only 2 months of formal schooling.
At the tender age ...
- Barnard, Edward Emerson (1907). “On a Nebulous Groundwork in the Constellation Taurus.” Astrophysical Journal 25: 218–225.
- — (1913). “Photographs of the Milky Way and of Comets.” Publications of the Lick Observatory 11.
- — (1919). “On the Dark Markings of the Sky with a Catalogue of 182 Such Objects.” Astrophysical Journal 49: 1–23.
- — (1927). A Photographic Atlas of Selected Regions of the Milky Way, edited by Edwin B. Frost and Mary R. Calvert. 2 Vols. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington
- Frost, Edwin Brant (1926).“Edward Emerson Barnard.” Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 21, no. 14: 1–23. (Vol. 11 of Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences.)
- Sheehan, William (1995). The Immortal Fire Within: the Life and Work of Edward Emerson Barnard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Barnard, Edward Emerson
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- pp 163-166
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- William Sheehan (229)
- Author Affiliations
- 229. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, USA
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