Employment in Adult Life

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There is limited research outlining the specific services and supports required by individuals with ASD. However, some examples of a supported employment approach have been described (e.g., Hillier et al., 2007a, b; Howlin, Alcock, & Burkin, 2005; Keel, Mesibov, & Woods, 1997; Lawer, Brusilovskiy, Salzer, & Mandell, 2009; Nesbitt, 2000; Smith, 1994;Schaller & Yang, 2005; Wehman, Datlow Smith, & Schall, 2009). Using this advocacy level service, a vocational rehabilitation professional known as an employment specialist or job coach provides and/or facilitates a unique mix of supports that vary in type, level, and intensity uniquely designed to assist the person with gaining and maintaining employment (Wehman et al., 2009).

Additionally, case studies conducted with adults with ASD provide tremendous insight regarding vocational needs (Hurlbutt & Chalmers, 2002, 2004; Müller, Schuler, Burton, & Yates, 2003, Wehman et al., 2009). From this research, recommendations for vo ...