Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

pp 1418-1419

General Case Programming (GCP)

  • Mark GroskreutzAffiliated withIrving B. Harris Professor of Child Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology Yale University School of Medicine, Chief, Child Psychiatry Children's Hospital at Yale-New Haven Child Study CenterSpecial Education and Reading Department, The Center of Excellence on Autism Spectrum Disorders, Southern Connecticut State University Email author 

Synonyms

General case analysis; General case model; Training the general case

Definition

General case programming is an instructional process with the ultimate goal of increasing the likelihood that a learner will generalize a skill set (i.e., target behavior) learned during structured teaching situations to relevant real-world settings and situations in which the target behavior should be demonstrated.

General case programming can be broken into three phases: design, implementation, and assessment. The design phase is key to general case programming and begins with analysis of the target skill to be taught. The instructor must identify the essential behaviors and all variations of those behaviors that are necessary for successful performance of that skill in relevant situations. The instructor must also consider and identify the full range of stimuli that may be encountered when the learner engages in the target skill in real-world settings. After analysis of the relevant behaviors and st ...

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