- Cheryl Smith GabigAffiliated withDepartment of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, Lehman College/The City University of New York Email author
A primitive speech act used to establish social interaction and direct a caregiver’s attention to an object, action, or entity. It is referred to as a protodeclarative because the directed attention to an object, action, or entity by the child acts as a comment in a communicative exchange. A protodeclarative may take several gestural forms including pointing to, showing, or giving of objects. The gesture may or may not be accompanied by a ritualized vocalization. The protodeclarative appears in typically developing children between 8 and 9 months of age. It is thought to demonstrate a shift in cognitive-linguistic development in that its use reflects the child’s conscious intent to initiate social interaction and establish joint attention to an object, action, or entity with a caregiver.
Children with autism engage less often in the intentional use of protodeclarative gestures such as pointing, showing, and giving, meant to e ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders
- pp 2418-2419
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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- Fred R. Volkmar (1)
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Irving B. Harris Professor of Child Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology Yale University School of Medicine, Chief, Child Psychiatry Children's Hospital at Yale-New Haven Child Study Center
- Dr. Cheryl Smith Gabig (11171)
- Author Affiliations
- 11171. Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, Lehman College/The City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Blvd. West, 10468, Bronx, NY, USA
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