- Dr. Cheryl Smith Gabig
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Comment; Communicative act
A primitive speech act used to establish social interaction and direct a caregiver’s attention to an object, action, or entity. It is referred to as a protodeclarative because the directed attention to an object, action, or entity by the child acts as a comment in a communicative exchange. A protodeclarative may take several gestural forms including pointing to, showing, or giving of objects. The gesture may or may not be accompanied by a ritualized vocalization. The protodeclarative appears in typically developing children between 8 and 9 months of age. It is thought to demonstrate a shift in cognitive-linguistic development in that its use reflects the child’s conscious intent to initiate social interaction and establish joint attention to an object, action, or entity with a caregiver.
Children with autism engage less often in the intentional use of protodeclarative gestures such as pointing, showing, and giving, meant to e ...
- Bates, E., Camaioni, L., & Volterra, V. (1975). The acquisition of performatives prior to speech. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 21, 205–226.
- Camaiono, L., Perucchini, P., Muratori, F., & Milone, A. (1997). Brief report: A longitudinal examination of the communicative gestures deficit in young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 715–725.
- Landy, S. H., & Loveland, K. A. (1988). Communication behaviors in autism and developmental language delay. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 29, 621–634.
- Mundy, P., Sigman, M., & Kasari, C. (1990). A longitudinal study of joint attention and language development in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 115–128.
- Owens, R. E. (2008). The social and communicative bases of early language and speech. In R. E. Owens (Ed.), Language development: An introduction (7th ed., pp. 113–149). New York: Pearson.
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders
- pp 2418-2419
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
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- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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- Fred R. Volkmar (1)
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Irving B. Harris Professor of Child Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology Yale University School of Medicine, Chief, Child Psychiatry Children's Hospital at Yale-New Haven Child Study Center
- Dr. Cheryl Smith Gabig (11171)
- Author Affiliations
- 11171. Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, Lehman College/The City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Blvd. West, 10468, Bronx, NY, USA
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