Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
This essay delineates the main characteristics of internalizing and externalizing problems. Internalizing problems are described as inner-directed and generating distress in the individual, while externalizing problems are described as outer-directed and generating discomfort and conflict in the surrounding environment. Also examined are the influences of developmental changes as well as gender and cross-cultural differences on these dimensions during adolescence. Finally, these dimensions are related to personality traits and coping strategies, in this regard common and specific relations are pointed out.
Characterization of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
Adolescent maladjustment has been frequently dichotomized into two syndromes referred to as internalizing and externalizing problems. In the 1960s, Achenbach and colleagues, a paradigmatic research group on adolescence psychopathology, proposed an ori ...
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- Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Adolescence
- pp 1464-1469
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- Springer New York
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- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Roger J. R. Levesque (12)
- Editor Affiliations
- 12. Indiana University
- Author Affiliations
- 933. Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, University of Barcelona, Passeig de la Vall d’Hebron, 171, 08035, Barcelona, Spain
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