- Dr. Douglas A. Williams
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A conditioned inhibitor conveys information that a possible future event is less likely than it would be otherwise. In a conditioning experiment, the presence of an inhibitory conditioned stimulus (CS−) may identify the trials on which an excitatory conditioned stimulus (CS+) will not be followed by the unconditioned stimulus (US). In the real world, a patient may be encouraged to use a talisman as a safety signal that no harm will occur outside the therapist’s office.
Some of what we have previously learned may not be applicable in other places and at other times. Perhaps the best studied example of this caveat is conditioned inhibition, a term introduced by I. P. Pavlov (1927) to describe the objective circumstances and mechanistic processes involved in the suppression of a well-conditioned behavior. In one classical conditioning experiment, he taught a hungry dog to salivate at the ...
- LoLordo, V. M., & Fairless, J. L. (1985). Pavlovian conditioned inhibition: The literature since 1969. In R. R. Miller & N. E. Spear (Eds.), Information processing in animals: Conditioned inhibition (pp. 1–49). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
- Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. New York: Dover.
- Rescorla, R. A. (1969). Pavlovian conditioned inhibition. Psychological Bulletin, 72, 77–94.
- Tobler, P. N., Dickinson, A., & Schultz, W. (2003). Coding of predicted reward omission by dopamine neurons in a conditioned inhibition paradigm. Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 10402–10410.
- Urcelay, G. P., & Miller, R. R. (2006). A comparator view of Pavlovian and differential inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 32, 271–283.
- Wagner, A. R., & Rescorla, R. A. (1972). Inhibition in Pavlovian conditioning: Application of a theory. In R. A. Boakes & M. S. Halliday (Eds.), Inhibition and learning (pp. 301–336). New York: Academic.
- Conditioned Inhibition
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
- pp 746-748
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Faculty of Economics and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Education, University of Freiburg
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Psychology Department, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3B 2E9, Canada
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