Humanistic Theory of Learning: Maslow
Two definitions are central to this entry: humanism and learning. Humanism focuses on human beings being free to act and control their own destinies. It centers on human values, interests, capacities, needs, worth, and dignity. It is a belief that people have an unlimited potential for growth and development and that they are inherently good. Individuals have the ability to determine for themselves truth and falsehood through rational and empirical thought. Learning refers to the acquisition of new knowledge, behaviors, skills, and values through a process of study, practice, and/or experience. It is a “process by which behavior is changed, shaped, or controlled” (Knowles et al. 1998, p. 13).
Abraham H. Maslow, who is considered the father of humanistic psychology, has had a significant impact on the development of learning theory. He was arguably one of the ...
- Boeree, C. G. (1998). Abraham Maslow. [Online]. Retrieved from http://www.ship.edu/-cgboeree/maslow.html
- Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (1998). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development. Houston: Gulf Publishing.
- Lowry, R. J. (1973). A. H. Maslow: An intellectual portrait. Monterey: Brooks/Cole Publishing.
- Maslow, A. H. (1959). New knowledge in human values. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.
- Maslow, A. H. (1970). Religions, values, and peak-experiences. New York: Viking.
- Merriam, S. B., & Caffarella, R. S. (1999). Learning in adulthood. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
- Humanistic Theory of Learning: Maslow
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
- pp 1471-1474
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Faculty of Economics and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Education, University of Freiburg
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Woodbury School of Business, Utah Valley University, 800 West University Parkway, MS 194, Orem, UT, USA
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