Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Geobiology

Part of the series Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series pp 10-20

Algae (Eukaryotic)

  • Thomas FriedlAffiliated withAlbrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen
  • , Nicole BrinkmannAffiliated withGeobiology Group Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen
  • , Kathrin I. MohrAffiliated withAlbrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of GöttingenHelmholtz Centre for Infection Research
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In contrast to plants, algae do not form embryos.</p><p class="Para"><em class="EmphasisTypeItalic ">Algae</em> is a term of convenience and refers to a collection of highly diverse organisms that undertake photosynthesis and/or possess plastids (Keeling, <span class="CitationRef"><a href="#CR37_7">2004</a></span>). Many authors even include the prokaryotic cyanobacteria into the algae, because they exhibit a life-style rather similar to their eukaryotic counterparts and often share the same habitat with eukaryotic algae. Cyanobacteria form the origin of plastids (for reviews see McFadden, <span class="CitationRef"><a href="#CR56_7">2001</a></span>; Keeling, <span class="CitationRef"><a href="#CR37_7">2004</a></span>; Palmer, <span class="CitationRef"><a href="#CR64_7">2003</a></span>). Plastids are the organelles of plants and eukaryotic algae that harbor photosynthesis and synthesize many chemical compounds also important for other biochemical pathways (e.g., aromatic amino acids, heme, isoprenoids, and fatty acids); nonph ...</p></section></body></html><!--4.0--> </div> <div class="excerpt-message"></div> </div> <div id="kb-nav--aside" class="col-aside" role="complementary"> <div class="cover"> <div class="look-inside cover-image-animate"> <div id="reader-overlay"> <div id="reader-page-template"> <div id="page-%P"> <div class="page-number"> Page %P </div> <div class="pdf-page" id="page-img-container-%ID"> <img id="pdf-page-image-%ID" class="pdf-image" src="/static/1.771/images/pdf-preview/spacer.gif" alt="Loading..." width="%W" style="width:%Wpx;" data-loaded="false"/> </div> </div> </div> <div class="reader-position"> <div id="reader"> <div id="reader-buttons"> <a href="#close" id="pdf-close" class="btn btn-close right"> Close </a> <a href="#close" id="toggletext" class="btn" title="Toggle plain text"> Plain text </a> </div> <div id="viewer" class="show-pdf"> <div id="scroller"></div> </div> <div class="top-shadow"></div> <div class="bottom-shadow"></div> </div> </div> </div> <a class="webtrekk-track lookinside-href" href="/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-9212-1_7/lookinside/000.png" pageType="rd_springer_com.reference_work.entry_preview" parentContentType="ReferenceWork" contentType="ReferenceWorkEntry" doi="10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_7" viewType="Preview" publication="10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1 | Encyclopedia of Geobiology"> <img class="look-inside-cover" src="" alt="Encyclopedia of Geobiology" width="153" itemprop="image"/> <img class="look-inside-page" src="" alt="Encyclopedia of Geobiology" width="153" itemprop="image"/> <span class="look-inside-badge"> Look <br/> Inside </span> </a> </div> </div> <div class="book-metrics SideBox hidden" data-url="" data-contenttype="chapter"> <h2 class="SideBox_title">Reference Work Entry Metrics</h2> <div class="book-metrics-items"></div> <div class="Sidebox_footer book-metrics-footer"> <a href="#"> <span>Provided by</span> <span><strong>Book</strong><span>metrix</span></span> </a> </div> </div> <div id="copublisher-container" data-url=""></div> <div class="SideBox section-links"> </div> <div class="SideBox other-actions"> <h2 class="SideBox_title">Other actions</h2> <ul> <li> <a id="export-citation" href="/export-citation/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_7"> Export citation </a> </li> <li> <a id="about-link" class="external" href="" target="_blank" title="It opens in new window"> About this Reference Work </a> </li> <li> <a id="permissions-link" class="external" href="" target="_blank" title="It opens in new window">Reprints and Permissions</a> </li> <li> <a id="papers-link" class="external webtrekk-track" href="" target="_blank" title="It opens in new window" gaCategory="Export" publication="10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_7 | Algae (Eukaryotic)" viewType="Add to Papers">Add to Papers</a> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="SideBox other-actions share"> <h2 class="SideBox_title">Share</h2> <a id="facebook" href="javascript:void(0)" title="Share this content on Facebook">Share this content on Facebook</a> <a id="twitter" href="javascript:void(0)" title="Share this content on Twitter">Share this content on Twitter</a> <a id="linkedin" href="javascript:void(0)" title="Share this content on LinkedIn">Share this content on LinkedIn</a> </div> </div> </div> <div id="kb-nav--aside" class="document-aside" role="complementary"> <input id="relatedItemsSource" type="hidden" value="none"/> <div id="abstract-esm" class="expander expander-empty"> <div class="expander-title"> <div class="heading"> <h2><button>Supplementary Material (0)</button></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div id="abstract-references" class="expander"> <div class="expander-title"> <div class="heading"> <h2><button>References (101)</button></h2> </div> </div> <div class="expander-content"> <div class="expander-content-inner"> <div class="formatted"> <!DOCTYPE html SYSTEM "about:legacy-compat"> <div xmlns="" xmlns:meta="" xmlns:epub="" class="FulltextWrapper"><aside class="Bibliography" id="Bib1_7"><h3 class="Heading">Bibliography</h3><ol class="BibliographyWrapper"><li class="Citation"><div class="CitationContent" id="CR2_7">Adey, W. 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Berlin: Springer, pp. 145–164.</div></li></ol></aside></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="abstract-about" class="expander expander-open"> <div class="expander-title"> <div class="heading"> <button> <h2>About this Reference Work Entry</h2> </button> </div> </div> <div class="expander-content"> <div class="expander-content-inner"> <div class="summary"> <dl> <dt>Title</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-title">Algae (Eukaryotic)</dd> <dt>Reference Work Title</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-publication"> <a href="/book/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1">Encyclopedia of Geobiology</a> </dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-chapter-page-ranges">Pages</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-chapter-page-ranges">pp 10-20</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-chapter-copyright-year">Copyright</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-chapter-copyright-year">2011</dd> <dt>DOI</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-chapter-doi" class="doi">10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_7</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-print-isbn">Print ISBN</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-print-isbn">978-1-4020-9211-4</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-online-isbn">Online ISBN</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-online-isbn">978-1-4020-9212-1</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-series-title">Series Title</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-series-title"> <a href="/bookseries/5898">Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series</a> </dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-series-print-issn">Series ISSN</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-series-print-issn">1388-4360</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-publisher">Publisher</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-publisher">Springer Netherlands</dd> <dt id="dt-abstract-about-book-copyright-holder">Copyright Holder</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-book-copyright-holder">Springer Science+Business Media B.V.</dd> <dt>Additional Links</dt> <dd id="abstract-about-additional-links"> <ul> <li> <a class="external" href="" target="_blank" title="It opens in new window">About this Reference Work</a> </li> </ul> </dd> </dl> <dl> <dt>Topics</dt> <dd itemprop="genre"> <ul class="abstract-about-subject"> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Biogeosciences%22">Biogeosciences</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Earth+Sciences%2C+general%22">Earth Sciences, general</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Life+Sciences%2C+general%22">Life Sciences, general</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Geochemistry%22">Geochemistry</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Geography+%28general%29%22">Geography (general)</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?facet-subject=%22Microbiology%22">Microbiology</a> </li> </ul> </dd> <dt>Industry Sectors</dt> <dd itemprop="genre"> <ul class="abstract-about-industrysectors"> <li> <a title="/industry/energyandutilities" href="/industry/energyandutilities">Energy, Utilities & Environment</a> </li> <li> <a title="/industry/geosciences" href="/industry/geosciences">Oil, Gas & Geosciences</a> </li> </ul> </dd> <dt>eBook Packages</dt> <dd itemprop="genre"> <ul class="abstract-about-ebook-packages"> <li> <a href="/search?package=90011652">eBook Package english full Collection</a> </li> <li> <a href="/search?package=11646">eBook Package english Earth & Environmental Science</a> </li> </ul> </dd> </dl> <dl> <dt>Editors</dt> <dd> <ul class="editors"> <li itemprop="editor" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype=""> <a class="person" href="/search?facet-creator=%22Joachim+Reitner%22" itemprop="name">Joachim Reitner</a> <sup title="University of Göttingen">(171)</sup> </li> <li itemprop="editor" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype=""> <a class="person" href="/search?facet-creator=%22Volker+Thiel%22" itemprop="name">Volker Thiel</a> <sup title="University of Göttingen">(171)</sup> </li> </ul> </dd> <dt>Editor Affiliations</dt> <dd> <ul class="editor-affiliations"> <li> <span class="position">171.</span> <span class="affiliation"> University of Göttingen </span> </li> </ul> </dd> <dt>Authors</dt> <dd> <ul class="authors"> <li itemprop="author" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype=""> <a class="person" href="/search?facet-creator=%22Thomas+Friedl%22" itemprop="name">Thomas Friedl</a> <a class="envelope" href="" title=""><img src="/static/1.771/images/envelope.png" alt=""/></a> <sup title="Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen">(1)</sup> </li> <li itemprop="author" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype=""> <a class="person" href="/search?facet-creator=%22Nicole+Brinkmann%22" itemprop="name">Nicole Brinkmann</a> <a class="envelope" href="" title=""><img src="/static/1.771/images/envelope.png" alt=""/></a> <sup title="Geobiology Group Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen">(2)</sup> </li> <li itemprop="author" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype=""> <a class="person" href="/search?facet-creator=%22Kathrin+I.+Mohr%22" itemprop="name">Kathrin I. Mohr</a> <a class="envelope" href="" title=""><img src="/static/1.771/images/envelope.png" alt=""/></a> <sup title="Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen">(3)</sup> <sup title="Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research">(4)</sup> </li> </ul> </dd> <dt>Author Affiliations</dt> <dd> <ul class="author-affiliations"> <li> <span class="position">1.</span> <span class="affiliation"> Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073, Göttingen, Germany </span> </li> <li> <span class="position">2.</span> <span class="affiliation"> Geobiology Group Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Goldschmidtstr. 3, 37077, Göttingen, Germany </span> </li> <li> <span class="position">3.</span> <span class="affiliation"> Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073, Göttingen, Germany </span> </li> <li> <span class="position">4.</span> <span class="affiliation"> 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