Pitch perception appears to be associated with an associative auditory area of the brain (asymmetry of the planum temporale). The immediate and correct recognition of the musical pitch, an auditory tone without an external reference, is rare autosomal dominant factor in the human populations and it is called the perfect or absolute pitch (AP). The heritability of musical ability appears high (70–80). The development of this ability is favored by early musical training. Whales and several species of birds use music somewhat similarly to humans (Gray PM et al 2001 Science 291:52). The neurobiological bases of human music perception and performance is discussed by Tramo MJ 2001 Science 291:54. BACH, Beethoven, Mozart, Strauss, dysmelodia, amusia, prosody, pitch; Baharloo S et al 1998 Am J Hum Genet 62:224 ibid. 67:755 2000; Peretz I et al 2002 Neuron 33:185; reviews on music faculty: 2003 Nature Neurosci 6:663–695.
© Springer Science+Business Media 2008