Perceptual Reasoning Index
The Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI) is one of four derived indices from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition (WISC-IV; Wechsler, 2003). Its primary purpose is to examine nonverbal fluid reasoning skills (i.e., the mental operations used to examine novel problems, organize thoughts, examine rules and logical relationships, and create and test solutions). Additionally, the PRI provides a direct assessment of cognitive processes including visual perception, visual-motor integration, visuospatial processing and coordination, and, to a lesser extent than its predecessor, mental/manual quickness and efficiency. The PRI is derived from a child’s performance on three core subtests: Block Design, Picture Concepts, and Matrix Reasoning, and emphasizes reasoning in solving the kinds of problems that are not taught in school. It is one of four composite scores that contribute to the overall index of global intellectual ability, the Ful ...
- American Educational Research Association (2000). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.
- Elliott, C. D. (2007). Differential ability scales, 2nd edition: Introductory and technical handbook. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
- Flanagan, D. P., & Kaufman, A. S. (2004). Essentials of WISC-IV assessment. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Kaufman, A. S., & Kaufman, N. L. (2004). Kaufman assessment battery for children (2nd ed.) technical manual. Circle Pines, MN: AGS.
- Prifitera, A., Saklofske, D. H., & Weiss, L. G. (2005). WISC-IV clinical use and interpretation: Scientist-practitioner perspectives. Oxford: Elsevier Academic Press.
- Wechsler, D. (2003). WISC-IV technical and interpretive manual. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
- Wechsler, D., & Naglieri, J. A. (2006). WNVCDN technical and interpretive manual. Toronto, ON: Harcourt Assessment.
- Perceptual Reasoning Index
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- pp 1903-1907
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 671. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Professor of Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry Virginia Commonwealth University – Medical Center Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- 672. Kessler Foundation Research Center
- 673. Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Neurology and Neuroscience, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – New Jersey Medical School
- 674. Independent Practice
- Author Affiliations
- 1668. Laboratory for Neurocognitive and Imaging Research, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 1750 E. Broadway, 3rd Floor, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 1669. Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 1750 E. Fairmount Avenue, 21231, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 1670. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.