- Fred R. Volkmar
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Childhood autism; Infantile autism; Kanner’s syndrome
Autistic disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by marked problems in social interaction, communication/play, and a set of unusual behaviors related to difficulties in tolerating change in the environment. The condition is of early onset. In most cases, it appears to be congenital, but perhaps in 20% of cases, a period of normal development is observed. The condition always appears before 3 years of age.
Autism was first described by Leo Kanner in 1943 (Kanner, 1943). Early controversy centered around the idea that autism might be a form of schizophrenia, but several lines of evidence suggest this is not the case. Changes in approaches to the definition of autism have occurred over time. Currently, both the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR) (World Health Organization, 2000) and International (ICD-10) (World ...
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- Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 42–69). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Happe, F. (2005). The weak central coherence account of autism. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 640–649). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 2, pp. 201–222). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
- Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, R., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(9), 809–816.
- Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., & Volkmar, F. (2003). The enactive mind, or from actions to cognition: Lessons from autism. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 358(1430), 345–360.
- Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Defining and quantifying the social phenotype in autism. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 895–908.
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- National Research Council. (2001). Educating young children with autism. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
- Ozonoff, S., South, M., & Provencal, S. (2005). Executive functions. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (3rd edn, pp. 606–27). New York: Wiley.
- Rutter, M. (2005). Genetic influences and autism. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 425–452). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Scahill, L., & Martin, A. (2005). Psychopharmacology. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 2, pp. 1102–1122). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Schultz, R. T., Gauthier, I., Klin, A., Fulbright, R. K., Anderson, A. W., Volkmar, F. (2000). Abnormal ventral temporal cortical activity during face discrimination among individuals with autism and Asperger syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57(4), 331–340.
- Volkmar, F., Cook, E. Jr., Pomeroy, J., Realmuto, G., Tanguay, P. (1999). Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(12), 1611–1616.
- Volkmar, F. R., & Nelson, D. S. (1990). Seizure disorders in autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29(1), 127–129.
- World Health Organization. (1994). Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Autistic Disorder
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- pp 318-321
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 671. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Professor of Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry Virginia Commonwealth University – Medical Center Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- 672. Kessler Foundation Research Center
- 673. Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Neurology and Neuroscience, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – New Jersey Medical School
- 674. Independent Practice
- Fred R. Volkmar (1247)
- Author Affiliations
- 1247. Yale University, 230 South Frontage Road, 06520-7900, New Haven, CT, USA
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