- Fred R. VolkmarAffiliated withYale University
Autistic disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by marked problems in social interaction, communication/play, and a set of unusual behaviors related to difficulties in tolerating change in the environment. The condition is of early onset. In most cases, it appears to be congenital, but perhaps in 20% of cases, a period of normal development is observed. The condition always appears before 3 years of age.
Autism was first described by Leo Kanner in 1943 (Kanner, 1943). Early controversy centered around the idea that autism might be a form of schizophrenia, but several lines of evidence suggest this is not the case. Changes in approaches to the definition of autism have occurred over time. Currently, both the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR) (World Health Organization, 2000) and International (ICD-10) (World ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
- Autistic Disorder
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- pp 318-321
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Editor Affiliations
- 671. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Professor of Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry Virginia Commonwealth University – Medical Center Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- 672. Kessler Foundation Research Center
- 673. Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Neurology and Neuroscience, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – New Jersey Medical School
- 674. Independent Practice
- Fred R. Volkmar (1247)
- Author Affiliations
- 1247. Yale University, 230 South Frontage Road, 06520-7900, New Haven, CT, USA
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