Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
- Angela K. Troyer
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Adaptive functions; Functional abilities
Activities of daily living (ADLs) are self-care activities that are important for health maintenance and independent living. ADLs comprise a broad spectrum of activities, traditionally classified as basic and instrumental ADLs (BADLs and IADLs, respectively). BADLs, also called physical or self-maintenance ADLs, are life-sustaining self-care activities such as feeding, grooming, bathing, dressing, toileting, and ambulation. IADLs are more complex activities that are necessary for independent living, such as using the telephone, preparing meals, shopping, managing finances, taking medications, arranging appointments, and driving. These activities are important for participating in one’s usual work, social, or leisure roles.
The evolution of the concept of ADLs is reflected in the development of instruments to measure these abilities (McDowell & Newell, 1996). Measures of ...
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- Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- pp 28-30
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 671. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Professor of Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry Virginia Commonwealth University – Medical Center Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- 672. Kessler Foundation Research Center
- 673. Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Neurology and Neuroscience, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – New Jersey Medical School
- 674. Independent Practice
- Angela K. Troyer (130)
- Author Affiliations
- 130. Division of Psychology, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1, Toronto, ON, Canada
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