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Encopresis is characterized by the involuntary, and in some cases voluntary, passage of fecal matter in inappropriate places. Encopresis most commonly takes two forms, primary encopresis and secondary encopresis. Primary encopresis involves unintentional soling on the part of children over the age of four who have never attained autonomy in voiding (e.g., who are not toilet trained). Conversely, secondary encopresis pertains to fecal soiling among children who have attained autonomy in voiding (e.g., have been successfully toilet trained).
According to Philiohi , the term encopresis originates from the Greek word kopros, which is used to refer to stool. Encopresis is characterized by the involuntary, and in some cases voluntary, passage of fecal matter in inappropriate places. This elimination disorder most commonly takes two forms, primary encopresis and seconda ...
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 581-585
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School Counseling and School Psychology, Niagara University, P.O. Box 2042, Niagara, NY, 14109, USA
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