- Nathaniel John Cooney
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Depressants; Ethanol; Ethyl alcohol; Grain alcohol
Alcohol is an organic chemical compound that is comprised of an alkyl group (carbon chain) and a hydroxyl group (oxygen–hydrogen bound molecule). More commonly it is used to refer to a class of beverages containing the chemical ethanol, a psychoactive drug that depresses the central nervous system.
The term alcohol can refer to any organic chemical compound that includes one or more aliphatic hydroxyl groups (−OH) attached to an alkyl group (CnHn+1). While alcohols can exist in many forms, the term alcohol is more commonly used to describe the compound ethyl alcohol (or ethanol, abbreviated EtOH). As its name suggests, ethanol is comprised of an ethyl group (a two-carbon chain) and a hydroxyl group (an oxygen–hydrogen bound molecule), arranged in a straight chain and having the molecular formula C2H5OH (Fig. 1). Ethanol is the primary psychoactive ingredient found in most alcoholic beverages, and because of i ...
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- The effects of alcohol on physiological processes and biological development. Alcohol Research & Health 28: pp. 125-131
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- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2007). Alcohol metabolism: An update. Alcohol Alert, 72, 2–6. Rockville, MD: Author.
- Zakhari, S (2006) Overview: How is alcohol metabolized in the body?. Alcohol Research Health 29: pp. 245-254
- For the most up-to-date research on specific topics related to alcohol, the reader is referred to the following internet resources:
- The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Accessed November 2008 http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/
- The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). http://www.nida.nih.gov/
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 73-76
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- Springer US
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- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, 116 North Murray Hall, 74078, Stillwater, OK, USA
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