Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

pp 494-494

Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration


Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration; Beery VMI


A neuropsychological test assessing visuoconstructive abilities. Visual-motor integration tests are designed to assess an individual's ability to integrate their visual and motor abilities. Currently, the most widely used and researched test of this kind is the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration.


The Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration or Beery VMI is a developmental sequence of geometric forms that are copied with paper and pencil. The purpose of assessing visuoconstructive abilities is to help identify children who may need special assistance, to obtain needed services for them, and to test the effectiveness of educational and other interventions. The Full Form 30-item Beery VMI can be administered either in a group or individual format and typically takes 10 to 15 minutes. The test is used for children ages 2 through 18 years of age. The Short Form 20-item version is available for children ages 2 through 7. Two optional standardized tests, the Beery VMI Visual Perception test and Beery VMI Motor Coordination test, are also available and provide relatively pure measures of visual and motor performance. The Beery VMI is now in its 5th edition, having been standardized five times between 1964 and 2003 with a total of more than 11,000 children.  Research suggests that this test is virtually culture-free.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011
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