The cephalocaudal principle refers to the general pattern of physical and motoric development followed from infancy into toddlerhood and even early childhood whereby development follows a head-to-toe progression.
Cephalocaudal means head to toe. As such, the cephalocaudal principle refers to the general pattern of development seen in the earliest years of postnatal development specifically ranging from infancy into toddlerhood. The cephalocaudal principle applies to both physical and functional development. Regarding the prior (i.e., physical development), physical growth in size, weight, and feature differentiation follows this pattern of development . The result of this is best seen in a comparison of the physical features of an infant compared to a toddler. In the case of the latter, the head is generally disproportionately large in comparison to the rest of the body. By the end of the preschool years most children have lost this top heav ...
- Santrock, J. W. (2005). A topical approach to life-span development (2nd ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
- Cephalocaudal Principle
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- p 321
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry, SIU School of Medicine, 901 W. Jefferson St, Springfield, IL, 62702, USA
- 2. Department of Psychiatry, SIU School of Medicine, 901 W. Jefferson St, Springfield, IL, 62702, USA
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