Bowlby’s Stages of Attachment
- Cynthia Field
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The British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby described four phases in the early development of human attachment. Each phase is characterized by behaviors and, as the child matures, cognitions that are used to maintain proximity to or contact, both emotional and physical, with primarily the mother as well as other figures. Bowlby believed that humans are biologically built to become attached as a survival strategy.
An attachment is an affectional bond that one person has with another, which connects them to each other and usually indicates affection or love. Normally, the first attachment the child forms is to the mother (or primary mother figure), and this attachment develops over time as the child matures. Bowlby developed a theory of human attachment to explain the child’s close affectional bond with the mother and based this theory of psychological development in part on ethology and on Darwinian evolutionary principles of survival. ...
- Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1969). Object relations, dependency, and attachment: a theoretical review of the child-mother relationship. Child Development, 40, 969–1025.
- Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1. attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
- Bowlby’s Stages of Attachment
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 275-277
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Cynthia Field (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. William Alanson White Institute, 115 West 73rd St, Suite 1D, New York, NY, 10023, USA
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