Sumner, Francis Cecil
- Scott Graves
- … show all 1 hide
Francis C. Sumner was the first African American awarded the Ph.D. in psychology from a U.S. institution in 1920. Graduating from Clark University under the tutelage of G. Stanely Hall, Sumner’s dissertation was titled: Psychoanalysis of Freud and Adler.
Sumner received his elementary education through several school systems in Virginia, New Jersey, and the District of Columbia. Due to a lack of secondary education opportunities he did not graduate from high school. Even without a high school diploma, he performed well enough to enroll at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania during the 1911 school year at age 15. In 1915 he graduated magna cum laude with special honors in English, Modern Languages, Greek, Latin, and Philosophy. The prominent child psychologist G. Stanley Hall was the president of Clark University and he allowed Sumner to be admitted in 1915. In 1916 he was awarded a second B ...
- Guthrie, R. V. (1998). Even the rat was white (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
- Sawyer, T. F. (2000). Francis Cecil Sumner: His views and influence on African American higher education. History of Psychology, 3, 122–141.
- Sumner, Francis Cecil
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 1459-1460
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Scott Graves (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Intervention Services, Bowling Green State University, 451 Education Building, Bowling Green, OH, USA
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