Stimulant medications are psychoactive drugs that act on the central nervous system by inhibiting the reuptake of specific neurotransmitters including dopamine and norepinephrine, and consequently may elicit alertness, arousal, and in some cases euphoric feelings. Moreover, these medications may help attenuate symptoms of mild depression and narcolepsy, but are largely used to treat symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Popular stimulants in clinical use are largely prepared from methylphenidate, dextromethylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, or mixed amphetamine salts .
Historical Context and the Modern Use of Stimulant Medications
The history of stimulant medication developed from the ancient use of stimulants, for largely recreational uses, by many cultures in different parts of the world. Stimulant us ...
- Stimulant Medications
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 1443-1445
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Educational Psychology and Special Education, Michigan State University, 435 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
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