Sleep; Sleep stages; Sleep structure
Sleep architecture refers to the structure of sleep cycles throughout the night and the five stages of sleep including four stages of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and the fifth stage, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Sleep architecture allows for the quantification of sleep characteristics in order to promote accurate diagnosis of sleep disturbance or related medical or psychological diagnoses. Some relevant measures of sleep architecture include the following:
Sleep onset latency – the time between initiating sleep behavior (lights out) to onset of first sleep stage
REM latency – the time between sleep onset and occurrence of first REM period
Total sleep time – total time (in minutes) sleeping from lights out to lights on
Sleep efficiency – ratio of time asleep compared to time recording (lights out to lights on)
- Cleveland Clinic Sleep Disorders Center. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/sleep_disorders_center/
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- Sleep Architecture
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 1372-1374
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Pulmonary Division, Sleep Disorders Clinic, Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, AL, USA
- 2. Department of Pediatrics, Pulmonary Division, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, 35233, USA
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