Natural Observation

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Direct observation; Field observation; Naturalistic observation


Studying or assessing individuals as they interact in their typical environment.


During an observation, there is no experimental manipulation, and data are recorded under the conditions that occur in the environment. Specifically, natural observation is a technique used in research and assessment, which is similar to direct observation, where information regarding an individual or individuals is gathered immediately while the individual’s behavior occurs naturally their everyday environment, rather than a laboratory or clinical setting [1]. Information gathered during observations may be used in order to identify environmental variables necessary to create an artificial laboratory or clinical environment in which to assess or conduct research in, to identify areas which need assessment or research, or may garner the information necessary when research or assessment is ...