- Tamara Del Vecchio
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Instrumental aggression is harmful behavior engaged in without provocation to obtain an outcome or coerce others.
One of the most robust distinctions within the field of aggression is between hostile and instrumental aggression . In contrast to hostile aggression, in which the perpetrator is impulsive, emotion driven and reactive, instrumental aggression is conceived as proactive, premeditated and cold-blooded [1, 3]. The goal of instrumental aggressive behavior is to obtain a preferred outcome or to coerce others. Instrumental aggression is founded in the social learning model of aggressive behavior in which aggression is learned through vicarious reinforcement and maintained by the expectation that this behavior will result in a reward . Instrumental aggression is also associated with callous-unemotional traits such as lack of guilt and empathy and it can be either physical or relational.
Instrumental a ...
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- Vitaro, F, Brendgen, M, Barker, ED (2006) Subtypes of aggressive behaviors: A developmental perspective. International Journal of Behavioral Development 30: pp. 12-19
- Vitaro, F, Gendreau, PL, Oligny, P (1998) Reactive and proactive aggression differentially predict later conduct problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 39: pp. 377-385
- Instrumental Aggression
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- pp 823-824
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, St. John’s University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Queens, NY, 11439, USA
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