- Brady I. Phelps
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In general, the term anosmia is used to refer to the inability to discriminate or detect qualitatively different olfactory sensations, or in simpler terms, an absence of one’s sense of or ability to smell [6, 19]. Related terms include partial or specific anosmia, which refer to deficient ability to detect a specific odorous stimulus or a limited class of odorous stimuli [6, 10, 19]. A fairly large number of specific anosmias have been identified [1, 10]. The terms hyposmia or microsmia have also been used to label instances of decreased sensitivity to odorous stimuli [19, 22].
As with most any trait or ability, individuals show variability in their capacity to smell . Some deficits in our olfactory sense are probably normal  and it is generally agreed that females report more acute sensitivity to odors than males [3, 12]. It is also reported that a likely majority of humans will experience measurable deficits in their olfactory sense as a function of aging  ...
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development
- p 107
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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- Editor Affiliations
- 480. Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center
- 481. Department of Psychology MS 2C6, George Mason University
- Brady I. Phelps (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, South Dakota State University, Scobey Hall Box 504, Brookings, SD, USA
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