Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology

pp 164-165


Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity (B.I.T.C.H.)

  • Jennifer M WestAffiliated withSchool of Education, Bowie State University

The Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity (B.I.T.C.H.™) is a 100-item multiple-choice test designed to address the issue of racial bias—particularly in African American people embodied in traditional standardized norm referenced IQ tests. The B.I.T.C.H. was developed in 1972 by Dr. Robert Williams, an African American psychologist, to demonstrate that variations in experience equals variations in test scores. Dr. Williams’ rationale for developing the B.I.T.C.H. was to counter the bias in traditional intelligence tests that produce scores that are a result of subjective cultural references and essentially measure one's familiarity with the White middle class cultural value system.

The B.I.T.C.H. is a test composed entirely of words, terms, and expressions that are particular to a subculture within the Black population. Specifically, the content of the test items reflect generational specific information about the cultural experiences of Black people living in urban environment ...

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