Giftedness is a characteristic made up of many qualities; it can be innate or socially influenced, qualitative or quantitative. These assertions have been made by different psychologists over the course of a century. While contradictory in nature, these psychologists’ specific cultures and historical eras influenced their work, producing interesting insights into this intriguing topic.
Some of these insights originated from the studies of Francis Galton, who found that people who had an exceptional “Natural Ability” tended to be related to other people with similar exceptional “Natural Abilities.” He concluded that exceptionally gifted families must therefore exist and be a valued commodity. Galton was the first to argue that giftedness is inherited. He believed that he could improve society by creating lists of gifted families who could then intermarry to produce superior children. In modern society eugenics is not an acceptable practice (and, indeed, is considered to be a particularly ...
- Ford, D. Y. (1998). The under-representation of minority students in gifted education: Problems and promises in recruitment and retention. Journal of Special Education, 32, 4–14. CrossRef
- Marland, S. P. (1972). Education of the gifted and talented: Report to the Congress of the United States by the U.S. Commissioner of Education. Washington, D.C.: Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
- Renzulli, J. S. (2002). Emerging conceptions of giftedness: Building a bridge to the new century. Exceptionality 10(2), 67–75. CrossRef
- Sternberg, R. J., Grigorenko, E. L., & Kidd, K. K. (2005). Intelligence, race, and genetics. American Psychologist, 60(1), 46–59. CrossRef
- Gifted Education
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology
- pp 480-481
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag US
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Educational Psychology, The State University of New Jersey
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.
- 2. Learning Research Institute, California State University, San Bernardino, California, U.S.A.
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.