Gossypium herbaceum Linn.

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Family

Malvaceae.

Habitat

Cultivated mainly in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

English

Asiatic Cotton, Levant Cotton, Uppam Cotton.

Ayurvedic

Kaarpaasa, Kaarpaasi, Kaarpaasaka, Rakta-Kaarpaasa, Shona-Kaarpaasa, Samudraantaa, Tuula, Pichu, Bhaaradwaaji, Tundikeri.

Unani

Pambahdaanaa. (Seed.)

Siddha/Tamil

Paruttikkootam

Action

Root bark—diuretic, oxytocic. Bark—emmenagogue, haemostatic. Seed—demulcent, laxative, expectorant, abortifacient, galactagogue, nervine, anticephalalgic.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the seed oil for toning up the breast.

The seed contains 21.3–25.2% protein, free gossypol 0.82–1.96%.

Dosage

Seeds, devoid of lint—3–6 g powder. (API Vol. I.)