Eclipta alba (Linn.) Hassk.

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Synonym

E. prostrata Roxb.

Family

Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat

Throughout India, up to 2,000 m on the hills.

English

Trailing Eclipta Plant.

Ayurvedic

Bhringaraaja, Bhringa, Bhringaja, Bhrngaaraka, Bhrngaara, Maarkava, Kesharaaja, Keshranjana.

Unani

Bhangraa.

Siddha/Tamil

Karisalaankanni.

Folk

Bhangaraa.

Action

Deobstruent, antihepatotoxic, anticatarrhal, febrifuge. Used in hepatitis, spleen enlargements, chronic skin diseases. Leaf—promotes hair growth. Its extract in oil is applied to scalp before bed time in insomnia. The herb is also used as an ingredient in shampoos.

Key application

As hepatoprotective. (Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia; The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.)

The herb should be dried at room temperature under shade. Its active principles are lost due to aerial oxidation during sun drying or drying under reduced pressure below 40°C. The herb contains wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone, which showed a dose-dependent effect against CCl4, d-galactosamine- or phalloidin-induced cytoto ...