Reference Work Entry

Indian Medicinal Plants

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Adenanthera pavonina Linn.

Family

Leguminosae; Mimosaceae.

Habitat

The western Ghats, the Andamans and sub-Himalayan tract; also cultivated.

English

Coral Wood, Red Wood.

Ayurvedic

Rakta Kanchana, Rakta Kambala.

Siddha/Tamil

Anai-gundumani.

Folk

Ghumchi (bigger var.).

Action

Astringent and styptic (used in diarrhoea, haemorrhage from the stomach, haematuria), anti-inflammatory (in rheumatic affections, gout). Seeds—anticephalgic; also used for the treatment of paralysis. A decoction is given in pulmonary affections.

The seed contains an anti-inflammatory active principle, O-acetylethanolamine. The leaves contain octacosanol, dulcitol, glucosides of beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol. The bark contains sitgmasterol glucoside.

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