Curcuma longa Linn.

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Synonym

C. domestica Valeton.

Family

Zingiberaceae.

Habitat

Cultivated all over India, particularly in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.

English

Turmeric.

Ayurvedic

Haridraa, Priyaka, Haridruma, Kshanda, Gauri, Kaanchani, Krimighna, Varavarnini, Yoshitapriyaa, Hattavilaasini, Naktaahvaa, Sharvari.

Unani

Zard Chob.

Siddha/Tamil

Manjal.

Action

Anti-inflammatory, cholagogue, hepatoprotective, blood-purifier, antioxidant, detoxifier and regenerator of liver tissue, antiasthmatic, anti-tumour, anticutaneous, antiprotozoal, stomachic, carminative. Reduces high plasma cholesterol. Antiplatelet activity offers protection to heart and vessels. Also protects against DNA damage in lymphocytes.

Key application

In dyspeptic conditions. (German Commission E, ESCOP, WHO.) As anti-inflammatory, stomachic. (Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The rhizomes gave curcuminoids, the mixture known as curcumin, consisting of atleast four phenolic diarylheptanoids, including curcumin and monodesmethoxycurcumin; volatile oil (3 ...