Reference Work Entry

Indian Medicinal Plants

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Xylopia parviflora Hook. f. Thoms.

Family

Annonaceae.

Habitat

Evergreen forests of Kerala up to an altitude of 600 m.

Folk

Saanthu, Kalpottan (Kerala), Kalpootha, Chiddavintai (Tamil Nadu), ulli (Karnataka).

Action

Root bark—antiseptic, used for ulcers. Root bark, flowers, fruits—used for oral hygiene.

Fruits of Xylopia aromatica are chewed with betel leaves; also used in cough and cold. The fruits, known as Suvaali Pippali, have no relationship with Pippali of Indian medicine.

The plant contains pinenes.

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