Quercus infectoria Oliv.

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Family: 

Fagaceae.

Habitat: 

Indigenous to Greece, Syria and Iran. Yields oak galls.

English: 

Oak galls, Aleppo galls, Mecca galls.

Ayurvedic: 

Maajuphalaka, Maayaaphala, Maayakku.

Unani: 

Maazu. Maaphal.

Siddha/Tamil: 

Maasikkaai.

Action: 

Astringent. Bark and fruits—used for eczema and impetigo. Galls—used for diseases of gums and oral cavity (diluted with toothpowder or paste; also as a gargle in nasal catarrh and sore throat. An ointment (1 in 4 parts of vaseline) is applied externally in haemorrhoids. Also included in breast and vaginal firming creams. A decoction of galls is used as an enema in prolapus of rectum.

Key application: 

Quercus robur L. bark—externally, in inflammatory skin diseases; internally in non-specific, acute diarrhoea, and local treatment of mild inflammation of the oral cavity and pharyngeal region, as well as of genital and anal area. (German Commission E.)

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the gall in leucorrhoea, dry and itching vagina; topically for dental inflammations.